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Recep Tayyip Erdogan: How did the son of a Coast Guard become Turkey's 'quarrelsome' president?


Raised in a middle class family, Tayyip Recep Tayyip Erdogan has become a heavyweight in politics over time. After Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, he has emerged as the only leader who has reorganized Turkey more than any other Turkish leader.


Turkey's economy has been in decline for the past few years. The inflation rate in the country is about 12 percent and two days ago the Turkish lira depreciated further against the US dollar. The second Corona virus epidemic is adding to Turkey's economic woes.


When Tayyip Erdogan came to power in March 2003, the lira rate was 1.6 per US dollar, or about US ع 1 per Turkish lira. But today the situation is that you get one US dollar for about eight Turkish lira. In his early years in power, Turkey's gross domestic product (GDP) had grown significantly.



Over the past few months, the Turkish president has sought to expose Turkey's military might at the regional level. Turkey's NATO allies, including the European Union, are worried about this situation.


The Turkish military has been directly involved in the Libyan and Syrian conflicts and in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. The Turkish military held military exercises just weeks before the Azerbaijan-Armenia conflict.


Azerbaijanis of Turkish descent have close ties with Turkey, and Azerbaijan's main oil export pipelines pass through Turkey. But Russia's influence in the region has lasted for centuries.


And Erdogan's ambitions in the region, including in Libya and Syria, appear to clash with those of Russian President Putin.


Erdogan has his eye on unused gas reserves in the Eastern Mediterranean, which are part of his geopolitical agenda. The Greek and Cypriot governments are angry at Turkey's efforts to find gas near the disputed coastal region of Cyprus. As Greece and Cyprus are part of the European Union, the European Union has sharply criticized Turkey over the concerns of its member states.


Erdoغانan, on the other hand, has acknowledged some Turkish nationalist leaders in northern Cyprus, ignoring pressure from the West. Turkey is the only country in the world to officially recognize the self-proclaimed "Republic" of Northern Cyprus.


Erdogan recently questioned the French president's mental health, saying he needed treatment. He said this because France was cracking down on Islamist influence in his country.


President Erdogan's support for Islamists and their movements, such as the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, is long overdue. In July 2020, he angered many Christians by declaring Aya Sofia a mosque.


Was Sofia's century-and-a-half-old building built as a cathedral but turned into a mosque during the Ottoman Empire? Later, the founder of Turkey, Kemal Atatرکrk, tried to turn Turkey into a secular country by turning it into a museum.




Last year, the Justice and Development Party, led by Tayyip Erdogan, won local elections in the country, but its party failed in three major cities: Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir. Erdogan was mayor of Istanbul in the 1990s, but lost his seat in the last election to the Republican People's Party, the main opposition party.


Erdogan himself was mayor of Istanbul in the 1990s, and losing the post was a personal failure.


Most of Tayyip Erdogan's party voters come from conservative rural areas.


Erdogan's first fame came in Istanbul, which today has a population of 16 million. The AKP (Erdogan's party) turned its successes in Istanbul and Ankara into its nationwide success and now his party is the biggest player in the country's politics.


Erdogan presides


In June 2018, President Erdoغانan was re-elected for another five years. In his current term, he has won more presidential powers since winning a controversial referendum in 2017 and bringing about constitutional change in the country. The competition in this referendum was so fierce that the number of supporters of constitutional change was 51% while the number of opponents was 49%.


The following is a list of Tayyip Erdogan's presidential powers:


They can directly appoint senior government officials, including ministers and vice presidents

As president, he can interfere in the country's legal system

They can impose an emergency in the country if needed

As his powers increased, he reshuffled state institutions and increased his influence. The reshuffle was preceded by a failed military coup in 2016, in which military generals failed to overthrow his government. In response to this failed coup, President Erdoغانan made a number of arrests.


In Western countries, these arrests are humanSeen as a violation of rights.



But Erdogan's AKP party is determined to thwart all attempts by the military to interfere in politics.


The last failed military coup in 2016 killed at least 240 people, and officials say Erdogan's life was in grave danger at the time. But he returned to the scene 12 hours later and defeated the rebels.


He addressed his supporters on state TV and called himself the country's commander-in-chief. But the whole incident put pressure on the president as he wept in public during the last rites of a close friend and his son. He was shot dead by insurgents.


Critics of President Erdogan call him a dictator and say anyone who criticizes him is silenced. Among those arrested for opposing and insulting him is a 16-year-old man, as well as a former Turkish beauty who wrote a poem against the president.


He served as Prime Minister and in August 2014 became the country's first directly elected president. It was just a symbolic position to say the least.


Western countries were upset by his pressure on his critics, and the EU's relations with Turkey remained strained.


Fifty thousand people have been detained since the failed coup attempt, including soldiers, journalists, lawyers, police officers and Kurdish politicians. Authorities also fired 1.5 million government employees for allegedly supporting the military coup.


Tayyip Erdogan was born in February 1954 to a Coast Guard. When he was 13, his father decided to move to Istanbul so that his children could have a better environment.


As a young man, Tayyip Erdogan also sold juice and double bread to make money. He studied at the Islamic School and received a degree in management from Mamara University in Istanbul. After that he also played professional football.


Until the Turkish military banned his then-political party, the Welfare Party.


He was sentenced to four months in prison in 1999 for reciting a nationalist poem. It was written in this poem that mosques are our fronts, their domes are our helmets, their towers are our guns and our soldiers are our believers.


In August 2001, he co-founded the Islamist party AKP with Abdullah Gul.


The AKP won national elections in 2002-2003, and Erdogan became prime minister for the first time.


In June 2013, Erdogan ordered security forces to attack protesters in a park.


In December 2013, a major corruption scandal erupted against his government and the sons of three of his cabinet ministers were arrested. Erdogan blamed opponents.


In August 2014, he became the first directly elected president.


In July 2016, he thwarted a military coup against his government.


In April 2017, he won a nationwide referendum to increase his presidential powers.



Islamic values


President Erdoغانan says he does not want to impose Islamic rule in the country and wants Turkey to remain a secular state, but he believes Turkish citizens should be allowed more freedom to express their religious beliefs.


Some of his supporters refer to him as "Sultan" in the context of the Ottoman Empire.



She then tried to criminalize sex between unmarried people, but failed to legislate.


Tayyip Erdogan has four children. He has also said that no Muslim family should think of family planning. He said in May 2016 that we will increase our generation.


He has also criticized women working for women's rights, saying that men and women cannot be treated equally.

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